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Creating Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs from a Semiconductor Quantum Dot Using the Optical Stark Effect

Published

Author(s)

Andreas Muller, Wei Fang, John R. Lawall, Glenn S. Solomon

Abstract

An entangled photon pair is a purely nonclassical, inseparable state of two light quanta. Because of its atom-like properties, a semiconductor quantum dot is an ideal source of this light. However, entanglement in these 'artificial atoms' is generally precluded by the asym-metric quantum dot confinement and its associated fine-structure splitting. Here we show how an external field—in our case a near-resonant laser, fiber-coupled to the device—can erase the fine-structure splitting, thereby restoring entanglement. We measure the density matrix of the emitted two-photon state under various conditions; when symmetry is restored it satisfies well-known entanglement tests. Our approach applies to quantum dots with typical fine-structure splittings, demonstrating that discrete polarization-entangled photons can now be routinely produced in a semiconductor nanostructure.
Citation
Science

Keywords

quantum optics, semiconductor quantum dots, entanglement

Citation

Muller, A. , Fang, W. , Lawall, J. and Solomon, G. (2009), Creating Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs from a Semiconductor Quantum Dot Using the Optical Stark Effect, Science, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.217402, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=901342 (Accessed June 23, 2024)

Issues

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Created November 20, 2009, Updated November 29, 2022