Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Cost Effective Use of Formal Methods in Verification and Validation Foundations



D. Richard Kuhn, Ramaswamy Chandramouli, R W. Butler


Formal methods offer the promise of significant improvements in verification and validation, and may be the only approach capable of demonstrating the absence of undesirable system behavior. But it is widely recognized that these methods are expensive, and their use has been limited largely to high-risk areas such as security and safety. This paper focuses on cost-effective applications of formal techniques in V&V, particularly recent developments such as automatic test generation and use of formal methods for analyzing requirements and conceptual models without a full-blown formal verification. We also discuss experience with requiring the use of formal techniques in standards for commercial software.
Proceedings Title
02 V&V Workshop
Conference Dates
October 22-23, 2002
Conference Location
Laurel, MD, USA


Kuhn, D. , Chandramouli, R. and Butler, R. (2002), Cost Effective Use of Formal Methods in Verification and Validation Foundations, 02 V&V Workshop, Laurel, MD, USA (Accessed February 25, 2024)
Created September 30, 2002, Updated October 12, 2021