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Controlling the electronic structure of graphene using surface-adsorbate interactions

Published

Author(s)

Piotr Matyba, Adra V. Carr, Cong Chen, David L. Miller, Thomas Orlando, Stefan Mathias, Mark W. Keller, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane

Abstract

Hybridization of atomic orbitals in graphene on Ni(111) opens up a large energy gap of ≈2.8 eV between nonhybridized states at the K point. Here we use alkali-metal adsorbate to reduce and even eliminate this energy gap, and also identify a new mechanism responsible for decoupling graphene from the Ni substrate without intercalation of atomic species underneath. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations, we show that the energy gap is reduced to 1.3 eV due to moderate decoupling after adsorption of Na on top of graphene. Calculations confirm that after adsorption of Na, graphene bonding to Ni is much weaker due to a reduced overlap of atomic orbitals, which results from n doping of graphene. Finally, we show that the energy gap is eliminated by strong decoupling resulting in a quasifreestanding graphene, which is achieved by subsequent intercalation of the Na underneath graphene. The ability to partially decouple grapheme from a Ni substrate via n doping, with or without intercalation, suggests that the graphene-to-substrate interaction could be controlled dynamically.
Citation
ACS Nano
Volume
92
Issue
4

Keywords

AUGMENTED-WAVE METHOD, BAND-GAP, METAL, INTERCALATION, GRAPHITE, NI(111), ATOMS

Citation

Matyba, P. , Carr, A. , Chen, C. , Miller, D. , Orlando, T. , Mathias, S. , Keller, M. , Kapteyn, H. and Murnane, M. (2015), Controlling the electronic structure of graphene using surface-adsorbate interactions, ACS Nano, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041407 (Accessed September 22, 2021)
Created July 21, 2015, Updated November 10, 2018