Consideration of possible mass and velocity corrections to magnetic experiments
Z. Y. Liu, P. A. Dowben, A P. Popov, David P. Pappas
Gadolinium occurs, in natural abundance, as several isotopes. The possible combinations of different gadolinium isotopes dictates that even for a fixed number of atoms in the cluster, clusters of gadolinium atoms will exhibit a range of masses. This and the expected consequence of the translation energy distributions are explored as possible corrections to Stern-Gerlach cluster beam-deflection experiments. Upon closer inspection of the experimental data, we find that the translation energy plus the vibrational temperature distribution may be inhomogeneous. This could be the origin of a long tail to high deflections in the experimental deflection profiles, at low cluster temperatures, in the magnetic cluster Stern-Gerlach experiments.
Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)
cluster beam deflection, magnetic clusters, Stern-Gerlach
, Dowben, P.
, Popov, A.
and Pappas, D.
Consideration of possible mass and velocity corrections to magnetic experiments, Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)
(Accessed February 26, 2024)