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Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V-Rated Plastics

Published

Author(s)

A B. Morgan, Matthew F. Bundy

Abstract

Cone calorimeter analysis was conducted on 18 thermoplastics with different UL-94 vertical burn test (V) ratings. Ratings varied from V-0 to no rating (NR), and the types of thermoplastics included were polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), PC/ABS blends, high-impact polystyrene (HIPS), polypropylene (PP), and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). Our analysis of the cone calorimeter data found that there were correlations between UL-94V rating and some cone calorimeter measurements (peak heat release rate (HRR) average and HRR at 60 s) and no relationship for other measurements (time to ignition and total heat release). However, no precise correlation was found due to significant differences in flame retardant mechanism and polymer fuel energy values. In this paper, we seek to explain further why a broad quantitative relationship between UL-94V and cone calorimeter remains elusive, and also to show how the cone calorimeter can be used to understand why a material passes or fails a particular UL-94V rating.
Citation
Fire and Materials
Volume
31
Issue
No. 4

Keywords

plastics, cone calorimeters, UL 94, flame retardants, flammability, thermoplastics, heat release rate, tests, heat flux, statistical analysis, fire behavior

Citation

Morgan, A. and Bundy, M. (2007), Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V-Rated Plastics, Fire and Materials, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=910107 (Accessed July 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created June 1, 2007, Updated February 19, 2017