Comparison of Biomass-Derived Turbine Fuels with the Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Thomas J. Bruno, Evgenii Baibourine
In recent years, civilian and military users of aviation kerosene have been interested in expanding the scope of fuel feed stocks to include non-petroleum sources. The most well known examples of such alternative sources of fuel are the Fisher-Tropsch fluids made from coal and natural gas. In addition to these feedstocks, there is great interest in biomass derived sources for aviation fuels. It is unlikely that a completely new, drop-in replacement fuel will be successful in the foreseeable future, but an intermediate goal is to extend or enhance present petroleum derived stocks. For this to be done on a rational basis, careful attention must be paid to fuel design parameters, one of the most important of which is the fluid volatility as expressed by the distillation curve. In this paper, we apply the composition explicit distillation curve method to examine aviation fuels made from camelina (a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae) and from plant isoprenoid feed stocks. We also use this method to compare the properties of these fluids with JP-8 and an earlier bio derived synthetic aviation kerosene made with reclaimed waste grease.