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Comparison Between Observed and Simulated Flame Structures in Poorly Ventilated Compartment Fires.

Published

Author(s)

Zhixin Hu, Arnaud Trouve, Y Utiskul, J G. Quintiere

Abstract

This study is aimed at characterizing the dynamics of compartment fires under poorly ventilated conditions. The study considers four cases that correspond to different values of the fire room global equivalence ratio and are representative of strikingly different flame behaviors. The study is based on a detailed comparison between experimental and computational data. The numerical simulations are performed with the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA. The comparative tests serve to evaluate the general ability of FDS to describe the transition from over- to under-ventilated fire conditions, as well as the transition from extinction-free conditions to conditions in which the flame experiences partial or total quenching.
Proceedings Title
Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Eighth (8th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS).
Conference Dates
September 18-23, 2005
Conference Location
Beijing,

Keywords

fire research, fire safety, fire science, compartment fires, ventilation, combustion, vitiation, flame structures, simulation, flame extinction, enclosures, vents, flame behavior

Citation

Hu, Z. , Trouve, A. , Utiskul, Y. and Quintiere, J. (2005), Comparison Between Observed and Simulated Flame Structures in Poorly Ventilated Compartment Fires., Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Eighth (8th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). , Beijing, , [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=916948 (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created September 18, 2005, Updated February 17, 2017