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Comparative Performance of Two Postal Service Vehicles Operated on Gasoline, Compressed Natural Gas and Propane

Published

Author(s)

J. E. Hill, David Didion

Abstract

The operational and exhaust emission characteristics of a 1/2-ton and a 1-ton truck run on three different fuels gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas or propane (LPG) were measured. The vehicles were put into an environmental chamber so that the rear wheels rested on a chassis dynamometer. In the series of tests, ambient temperature was controlled at various levels between 1 and 110 F and a range of spark advance settings and air-fuel rations were used on the engines. The vehicles were run at various dynamometer loads and simulated speeds ranging from idling to 50 mph. HC, CO, and NOx emissions were measured and the results showed to what extent the various pollutants could be reduced by suing the alternate fuels (CNG or LPG).
Proceedings Title
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Conference Dates
November 17-22, 1974
Conference Location
New York, NY
Conference Title
Winter Annual Meeting

Keywords

motor vehicles, gasoline, natural gas, propane, exhaust emissions, trucks, fuels, LP gas, tests, temperature, fuel/air ratio, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitorgen oxides

Citation

Hill, J. and Didion, D. (1974), Comparative Performance of Two Postal Service Vehicles Operated on Gasoline, Compressed Natural Gas and Propane, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), New York, NY, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=910793 (Accessed March 1, 2024)
Created November 17, 1974, Updated February 19, 2017