Buildings, facilities, and infrastructure systems play a key role in the life of a community by supporting housing, business, government, industry, and other vital services. The concept of disaster resilience addresses the way that communities prepare for and recover from disruptive events. The NIST program focuses on the role that buildings and infrastructure lifelines play in developing community disaster resilience. Needs of citizens and institutions in a community define the performance requirements for buildings and infrastructure systems. However, current practice does not adequately address risks and reliability at a systems level, interdependencies between systems, or the role they play in recovery. To address these deficiencies, NIST has established a research program to improve guidance, standards, and tools that support communities and disaster resilience planning. The research plan starts with the development of a framework and guidance documents, with the input of stakeholders across multiple disciplines, to identify best practices and research needs. The longer term research scope includes development of risk-consistent performance goals and metrics for buildings and infrastructure systems and science-based modeling tools at a community systems level to inform and enhance community resilience.