A collapse of the cross-spectral function in phase noise metrology
Craig W. Nelson, Archita Hati, David A. Howe
Cross-spectral analysis is a mathematical tool for extracting the power spectral density of a correlated signal from two time series in the presence of uncorrelated interfering signals. We demonstrate and explain a set of conditions where the detection of the desired signal using cross-spectral fails partially or entirely in the presence of a second uncorrelated signal. Not understanding when and how this effect occurs can lead to dramatic under-reporting of the desired signal. Theoretical, simulated and experimental demonstrations of this effect as well as mitigating methods are presented.