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Characteristics of Oscillating Buoyant Plumes.

Published

Author(s)

B M. Cetegen, K D. Kasper

Abstract

An experimental study of round buoyant turbulent plumes is described, emphasizing conditions where the flow has lost source momentum and other source distrubances, and has become self preserving. Plume conditions were simulated using dense gas sources in a still and unstratified air environment. Mean and fluctuating mixture fractions and velocities were measured using laser-induced fluorescence and laser velocimetry, respectively. The present measurements extended farther from the source than most earlier work (up to 151 source diameters and 43 Morton length scales) and show that self-preserving plumes are narrower and have large mean properties near the axis than previously thought. Although contemporary turbulence models yield reasonably good predictions of mean properties in the self-preserving region, there are difficulties with many of the approximations concerning turbulence properties; this raises questions about the potential effectiveness of these models for predicting the properties of the complex buoyant turbulent flows that are encountered in practical fire environments.
Proceedings Title
U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 1
Conference Dates
March 13-20, 1996
Conference Location
Gaithersburg, MD

Keywords

fire safety, fire research, buoyant plumes, velocity, experiments

Citation

Cetegen, B. and Kasper, K. (1996), Characteristics of Oscillating Buoyant Plumes., U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 1, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=916891 (Accessed July 24, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created March 13, 1996, Updated February 17, 2017