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A Causal Microwave Circuit Theory and Its Implications



Dylan Williams, Bradley Alpert


We will describe a new causal power-normalized waveguide equivalent-circuit theory and explore its implications. The new theory marries a power normalization with additional constraints that enforce simultancity of the theory's voltages and currents and the actual fields in the circuit.
Proceedings Title
Proc., URSI General Assembly
Conference Dates
August 13-21, 1999
Conference Location
Toronto, 1, CA


causality, characteristic impedance, circuit theory, frequency domain, time domain


Williams, D. and Alpert, B. (1999), A Causal Microwave Circuit Theory and Its Implications, Proc., URSI General Assembly, Toronto, 1, CA, [online], (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created July 31, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021