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Camera Calibration for a Manufacturing Inspectio Workstation



T M. Tsai


A CCD camera mounted on a manufacturing part inspection workstation is calibrated for measuring 3D part geometry. It is calibrated by using computer algorithms to analyze data collected from a pre-designed calibration image pattern. The calibration image used is a black and white checkerboard pattern. A commonly used camera calibration procedure is used to analyze the image data of the checkerboard calibration image. A camera model is obtained which contains intrinsic parameters representing the characteristic properties of the camera. The calibration is proven to result in a sub-pixel accuracy. A machine-part test specimen is chosen to demonstrate the accuracy of application of the camera model on predicting geometrical feature locations of usual manufacturing parts. As a first trial, the experimental test shows that an accuracy on the order of 1 mm is easily attainable in predicting the feature locations. Depending on the applications, special optical lens assembly may be designed to attach on the CCD camera and higher measurement accuracy of the feature locations may be obtained.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7197
Report Number


camera calibration, CCD camera measurement, coordinate measurement


Tsai, T. (2004), Camera Calibration for a Manufacturing Inspectio Workstation, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created December 30, 2004, Updated October 12, 2021