Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Calibration of Millimeter-wave Channel Sounders for Super-resolution Multipath Component Extraction



Peter B. Papazian, Jae-Kark Choi, Jelena Senic, Peter J. Jeavons, Camillo Gentile, Nada T. Golmie, Roy Sun, David R. Novotny, Kate Remley


Millimeter-wave communication systems will rely on highly directional antennas to compensate for the greater pathloss expected in their frequency bands of operation. Electronic beamforming, hence, will form a cornerstone for the technology. For the effective design of these systems, accurate estimation of the multipath component characteristics of the environment is essential, in particular their double-directional angle-of-arrival. Super-resolution techniques enable extracting these components with high fidelity, even in the presence of diffuse scattering. Applying these techniques, however, requires precision calibration of our 28, 60, and 83 GHz channel sounders. This paper outlines calibration procedures implemented to deliver such precision. Specifically, we account for impulse-response distortion stemming from internal system reflections and linear distortion by RF components; we also characterize the phase centers and complex antenna patterns of the receiver array elements, and gauge the drift of our synchronization clocks.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of EuCAP 2016
Conference Dates
April 4-7, 2016
Conference Location
Davos, CH
Conference Title
EuCAP 2016


Cellular communication, channel sounder, millimeter-wave communication, propagation channel, radio channel, wireless system


Papazian, P. , Choi, J. , Senic, J. , Jeavons, P. , Gentile, C. , Golmie, N. , Sun, R. , Novotny, D. and Remley, K. (2015), Calibration of Millimeter-wave Channel Sounders for Super-resolution Multipath Component Extraction, Proceedings of EuCAP 2016, Davos, CH, [online], (Accessed July 14, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created April 9, 2015, Updated April 12, 2022