We report calculations of electron inelastic mean free paths (IMFPs) for 50-2000 eV electrons in a group of 27 elements (C, Mg, Al, Si, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au and Bi). This work extends our previous calculations (Surf. Interface Anal. 11, 577 (1988)) for the 200-2000 eV range. Substantial variations were found in the shapes of the IMFP versus energy curves from element to element over the 50-200 eV range and we attributed these variations to the different inelastic scattering properties of each material. Our calculated IMFPs were fitted to a modified form of the Bethe equation for inelastic scattering in matter; this equation has four parameters. These four paramerters could be empirically related to several material parameters for our group of elements (atomic weight, bulk density, and number of valence electron per atom). IMFPs were calculated from these empirical expressions and we found that the root mean square difference between these IMFPs and those initially calculated was 13%. The modified Bethe equation and our expressions for the four parameters can therefore be used to estimate IMFPs in other materials. The uncertainties in the algorithm used for our IMFP calculation are difficult to estimate but are believed to largely systematic. Since the same algorithm has been used for calculating IMFPs, our predictive IMFP formula is considered to be particularly useful for predicting the IMFP dependence on energy in the 50-2000 eV range and the material dependence for a given energy.
Citation: Surface and Interface Analysis
Pub Type: Journals