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Breast Cancer Biomarker Measurements and Standards

Published

Author(s)

Kenneth D. Cole, Lili Wang, Hua-Jun He

Abstract

Cancer is a heterogeneous disease characterized by changes in the levels and activities of important cellular proteins, including oncogenes and tumor suppressors. Genetic mutations cause changes in protein activity and protein expression levels that result in the altered metabolism, proliferation, and metastasis seen in cancer cells. The identification of the critical biochemical changes in cancer has led to advances in its detection and treatment. An important example of this is the measurement of HER2, where increased expression occurs in approximately 20 to 30% of breast cancer tumors. HER2 is a member of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor family and is an important biomarker expressed on the cell surface. Measurement of the HER2 levels in tumor cells provides diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment information, because a targeted therapeutic is available. The most common methods to measure HER2 levels are immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization assays. The accurate and reliable measurements of the specific changes in protein biomarkers for detection and treatment of cancer are important challenges. This review is focused on efforts to improve the quantitation and reliability of cancer biomarkers by using standards and reference materials.
Citation
Clinical Proteomics
Volume
7

Keywords

breast cancer/standards/reference materials/HER2/epidermal growth factor receptor

Citation

Cole, K. , Wang, L. and He, H. (2013), Breast Cancer Biomarker Measurements and Standards, Clinical Proteomics, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=912867 (Accessed June 23, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created January 24, 2013, Updated February 19, 2017