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Biometrics Systems Include Users



Mary F. Theofanos, Ross J. Micheals, Brian C. Stanton


Where do biometrics come from? The “canonical” standard (Wayman) biometric system model includes the biometric presentation and a biometric sensor but not the user themselves. Having this model facilitates having shared vocabulary and abstraction for technologists and systems developers. However, advancing the systems science of biometric systems will require a shift towards a user-centered viewpoint. After all, without a user there can be no biometric. In this paper, we argue that it is not only appropriate, but necessary to consider the user—their behavior, cognition, perception and anthropometrics—as a component of a biometric system. After all, there is no biometric without the presenting user.
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement


usability, biometrics, user-centered design, process model


Theofanos, M. , Micheals, R. and Stanton, B. (2009), Biometrics Systems Include Users, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, [online], (Accessed July 13, 2024)


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Created December 16, 2009, Updated February 19, 2017