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Biometric Standards



Patrick J. Grother


This chapter is intended as an introduction to biometric standards, and as a survey of the major efforts in the field. Published consensus standards in a wide range of fields have existed for many years. Biometric standards, however, have been developed recently only as biometric technologies have matured to offer a reliable additional factor for personal authentication, and crucially, as large-scale deployment involving multiple organizations and suppliers has been considered. In virtually all cases, standards are developed in response to a need for interoperability. This creates a foundation for a marketplace of off-the-shelf products, and is a necessary condition to achieve supplier independence, and to avoid vendor lock-in. Interoperability allows modular integration of products without compromising architectural scope, and it facilitates the upgrade process and thereby ameliorates obsolescence.
Book chapter in Handbook of Biometrics


biometrics, consensus standards


Grother, P. (2009), Biometric Standards, Book chapter in Handbook of Biometrics, [online], (Accessed July 17, 2024)


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Created August 27, 2009, Updated February 17, 2017