The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST's) Optoelectronics Division was established in 1994 to provide the optoelectronics industry with measurement technology, standards, and traceability to those standards. Optoelectronics research at NIST is not new, however. The Division's roots extendto the first NIST (then the National Bureau of Standards-NBS) work on lasers-research begun in the early 1960s to develop techniques for measuring their output power on energy.Laser characterization continues to be an important activity at NIST. The Optoelectronics Division maintains national standards for laser radiometry at a wide rnage of laser wavelengths, from ultraviolet through the mid-infrared. The Division and its predecessor organizations have been providing measurement services for laser power and energy since 1967 and each year conduct more than 200 calibrations for about 50 customers. Many of these involve the calibration of an optical detector or power meter that will serve as a local standard at a customer's facility. Customers represent a wide range of applications where an accurate knowledge of laser output is important-materials processing, eye surgery, optical communications, and semiconductor lithography, to name a few.In the mid-1970s NIST's (NBS's) work in optoelectronics expanded to support the then-infant field of optical communications. At the time, optical fiber manufacturers were spending about 20% of their production costs on measurements, and they often could not agree with their customers on the characteristics of the fiber they sold. NIST has worked on these problems with manufacturers and users, primarily through industry standards organizations.
and Day, G.
Bibliography of the NIST Optoelectronics Division, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD
(Accessed December 3, 2023)