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A Bibliography of Ambulance Patient Compartments and Related Issues



Mehdi Dadfarnia, Yung-Tsun T. Lee, Deogratias Kibira


Safety in the patient compartment of ambulances is an issue of growing concern for emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, patients, and others affected by ambulances. A lot of research has been conducted by different players and much of it is scattered. As a quick reference, this report is to enhance the ability of researchers of this field to sift through a collection of standards and documents from books, journals, websites, and reports. This annotated bibliography is categorized into different fields for further ease of use. A brief abstract follows every bibliographical reference.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7835
Report Number


Ambulance, Ambulance Standards, Crash, Design Layout, Patient Compartment, Safety Hazards, Task Frequency


Dadfarnia, M. , Lee, Y. and Kibira, D. (2012), A Bibliography of Ambulance Patient Compartments and Related Issues, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 22, 2024)


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Created February 27, 2012, Updated November 10, 2018