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Balancing Energy and IAQ: NIST Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility



Lisa C. Ng, Dustin G. Poppendieck, William S. Dols, Brian P. Dougherty, Steven J. Emmerich


Buildings used 39 % of all energy used in the United States in 2017, with residential buildings and commercial buildings accounting for 20 % and 19% (EIA 2018) respectively. Zero energy buildings have the potential to help extend and accelerate the recent trend where building energy use is actually decreasing over time. The U.S. Department of Energy provides the following definition of zero energy (or net-zero energy, NZE) buildings (DOE 2015):
ASHRAE Journal


Ng, L. , Poppendieck, D. , Dols, W. , Dougherty, B. and Emmerich, S. (2018), Balancing Energy and IAQ: NIST Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, ASHRAE Journal, [online], (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created April 18, 2018, Updated April 26, 2018