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Backdraft Phenomena. Final Report. 1990-1992.



Charles M. Fleischmann


The purpose of this project was to develop a fundamental physical understanding of backdraft phenomena. The research was divided into three phases: exploratory simulations, gravity current modeling, and quantitative backdraft experiments. The primary goal of the first phase was to safely simulate a backdraft in the laboratory. A half-residential-scale compartment was built to conduct exploratory experiments. In the second phase, the gravity current speed and the extent of its mixed region was investigated in a series of scaled salt water experiments. In the final phase, 28 backdraft experiments were conducted in a 1.2m by 1.2m by 2.4m compartment. Histories recorded included: fuel flow rates, upper layer temperatures, lower layer temperatures, opening velocities, compartment pressures, upper layer species concentrations for O2, CO2, CO, and HC. Results
Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR) - 94-646
Report Number


Fleischmann, C. (1994), Backdraft Phenomena. Final Report. 1990-1992., Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 13, 2024)


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Created June 1, 1994, Updated January 18, 2011