Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Awareness in Human-Robot Interactions



J L. Drury, Jean C. Scholtz, Holly A. Yanco


This paper provides a set of definitions that form a framework for describing the types of awareness that humans have of robot activities and the knowledge that robots have of the commands given them by humans. We used as a case study an analysis of data from an urban search and rescue competition.
Proceedings Title
System, Man, and Cybernetics Conference 2003
Conference Dates
October 1, 2003
Conference Location
Washington, DC, USA


Drury, J. , Scholtz, J. and Yanco, H. (2003), Awareness in Human-Robot Interactions, System, Man, and Cybernetics Conference 2003, Washington, DC, USA, [online], (Accessed March 4, 2024)
Created September 30, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021