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Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework: An Update



Hui-Min Huang, K Pavek, James S. Albus, Elena R. Messina


The initial construct of the framework for the Autonomy Levels of Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) was presented in the 2004 SPIE Defense and Security Symposium. This paper describes the continuing development effort and further accomplishments made by the Ad Hoc working group. We focus on two elements of the ALFUS product set, namely, the detailed model that is being implemented as a spreadsheet-based tool and the summary model. We also discuss identified challenges.
Proceedings Title
SPIE Defense and Security Symposium
Conference Dates
March 28-April 1, 2005
Conference Location
Orlando, FL
Conference Title
Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering


autonomy, complexity, environmental difficulty, human-robot interaction, metrics, mission, robot, task, unmanned systems


Huang, H. , Pavek, K. , Albus, J. and Messina, E. (2005), Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework: An Update, SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL (Accessed May 18, 2024)


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Created April 4, 2005, Updated February 19, 2017