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Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework: An Update



Hui-Min Huang, K Pavek, James S. Albus, Elena R. Messina


The initial construct of the framework for the Autonomy Levels of Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) was presented in the 2004 SPIE3 Defense and Security Symposium. This paper describes the continuing development effort and further accomplishments made by the Ad Hoc working group. We focus on two elements of the ALFUS product set, namely, the detailed model that is being implemented as a spreadsheetbased tool and the summary model. We also discuss identified challenges.
Conference Dates
March 28-April 1, 2005
Conference Location
Orlando, FL, USA
Conference Title
2005 SPIE Defense and Security Symposium


Autonomy, Environmental Difficulty, Human-Robot Interaction, Metrics, Performance Metrics, Robot, Standards, Task, Unmanned Systems


Huang, H. , Pavek, K. , Albus, J. and Messina, E. (2006), Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework: An Update, 2005 SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL, USA, [online], (Accessed April 13, 2024)
Created June 27, 2006, Updated October 12, 2021