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ATP Eligibility Criteria for U.S. Subsidiaries of Foreign-Owned Companies: Legislation, Implementation, and Results



C Chang


The U.S. Advanced Technology Program (ATP) invests directly in the nation's economic growth by cost sharing with industry in the development of high-risk, enabling technologies that form the basis for new and improved products, manufacturing processes, and services. The ATP relies on U.S. companies to conceive and propose technology development projects, provide cost-shared funds, and carry out the research of funded projects. According to ATP's authorizing legislation, U.S.-owned companies and the U.S. subsidiaries of foreign-owned companies are eligible applicants, provided the latter meet additional selection criteria. Foreign-owned companies that are located abroad are ineligible to apply to the ATP for funding.This report addresses the additional criteria set forth by Congress which must be met by U.S. subsidiaries of foreign-owned companies as a condition of receiving ATP funding. It provides information and statistics on foreign eligibility and participation and can be a useful resource for potential applicants. Policymakers, government administrators, academicians, private individuals, law firms, think tanks, and others interested in the issue of foreign participation in publicly funded research and development (R&D) programs may also find the report useful.The report begins with an overview of the ATP to provide readers with a general understanding of the goals of the ATP and an awareness of the number of projects and the kinds of technologies that have received funding to date. The next section discusses the published criteria for selecting R&D proposals to provide a background and context for a discussion of eligibility criteria for foreign-owned companies. It then lays out the eligibility criteria, mandated by Congress, that U.S. subsidiaries of foreign-owned companies and their parent companies' countries of incorporation are required to meet. How the ATP identifies foreign-owned companies and situations that initiate a foreign eligibility finding are provided and the finding process is discussed. Data on the current participation of U.S. subsidiaries of foreign-owned companies in the program are then provided. Finally, a question and answer format is used to address common questions the ATP has received on foreign participation.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6099
Report Number


Advanced Technology Program, foreign eligibility, foreign-owned companies


Chang, C. (1998), ATP Eligibility Criteria for U.S. Subsidiaries of Foreign-Owned Companies: Legislation, Implementation, and Results, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed May 28, 2024)


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Created January 1, 1998, Updated October 16, 2008