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Atomic vapor cells for miniature frequency references

Published

Author(s)

Svenja A. Knappe, V. Velichansky, Hugh Robinson, Li-Anne Liew, John M. Moreland, John Kitching, Leo W. Hollberg

Abstract

We report on the fabrication of millimeter-sized vapor cells and their performance on atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping (CPT). We discuss two fabrication techniques, the first one based on hollow-core pyrex fibers, fused with a CO2 laser or micro-torch and the second one using anodic bonding of micro-machined silicon wafers to pyrex. Important aspects are the performance of the cell in frequency references as well as the potential for further miniaturization and reproducibility of the cells.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, pp. 31-32
Conference Dates
August 26-29, 2003
Conference Location
Monterey, CA, USA
Conference Title
Frequency Control Symposium and PDA Exhibition Jointly with the 17th European Frequency and Time Forum

Citation

Knappe, S. , Velichansky, V. , Robinson, H. , Liew, L. , Moreland, J. , Kitching, J. and Hollberg, L. (2003), Atomic vapor cells for miniature frequency references, Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, pp. 31-32, Monterey, CA, USA (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created May 7, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021