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Atom-based stabilization for laser-pumped atomic clocks



Vladislav Gerginov, V Shah, Svenja A. Knappe, Leo W. Hollberg, John E. Kitching


Progress towards simplification and improvement of the long-term stability of chip-scale atomic clocks is presented. The conventional technique of laser optical frequency and cell temperature control is compared with a novel technique which avoids the use of temperature sensors. The technique results in a simpler setup and improved long-term performance. Here, laser frequency, laser intensity, RF modulation index and vapor cell atomic density are stabilized using exclusively information from the atoms in the vapor cell. Different feedback schemes for laser intensity and frequency stabilization, as well as cell temperature control are experimentally compared. Their relevance to future design of chip-scale devices is discussed.
Proceedings Title
European Frequency and Time Forum
Conference Dates
March 27-30, 2006
Conference Location
Braunschweig, DE
Conference Title
Proc. 2006 EFTF


atomic clocks, coherent population trapping, diode laser, VCSEL


Gerginov, V. , Shah, V. , Knappe, S. , Hollberg, L. and Kitching, J. (2006), Atom-based stabilization for laser-pumped atomic clocks, European Frequency and Time Forum, Braunschweig, DE, [online], (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created March 27, 2006, Updated February 17, 2017