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Assessing the Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models



Enrico Ronchi, Erica D. Kuligowski, Daniel Nilsson, Richard Peacock, Paul A. Reneke


To date there is no International standard on the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For instance, the tests presented within the MSC/Circ.1238 Guidelines for evacuation analysis for new and existing passenger ships provided by the International Maritime Organization are often employed for the V&V of models outside their original context of use (building fires instead of maritime applications). This paper presents a list of verification tests for component testing and the analysis of emergent behaviours together with examples of experimental data-sets suitable for the analysis of different core components. This paper discusses the tests which are included in a freely available Technical Note developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This work is intended to open a discussion on the main issues associated with the definition of a standard procedure for the V&V of building fire evacuation models.
Fire Technology


Building fires, Evacuation, Human behavior, Modeling, Validation, Verification


Ronchi, E. , Kuligowski, E. , Nilsson, D. , Peacock, R. and Reneke, P. (2014), Assessing the Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models, Fire Technology, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created September 18, 2014, Updated October 12, 2021