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Anodic Dissolution of Aluminum in the Aluminum Chloride-1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Chloride Ionic Liquid



Chen Wang, Adam Abel Creuziger, Gery R. Stafford, Charles Hussey


The anodic dissolution of aluminum metal was investigated in the Lewis acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid, aluminum chloride-1- ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride. The investigation was conducted on aluminum rotating disk electrodes as a function of potential, ionic liquid composition, and temperature. Two different dissolution mechanisms were realized. At modest overpotentials, dissolution takes place under mixed kinetic-mass transport control. However, as the overpotential is increased to induce higher dissolution rates and/or the ionic liquid is made more acidic, the dissolution reaction transitions to a potential- independent passivation-like process ascribed to the formation of a porous solid layer of AlCl3(s). At a fixed temperature and composition, the limiting passivation current density displays Levich behavior and also scales linearly with the concentration of AlCl4- in the ionic liquid. The heterogeneous kinetics of the Al dissolution reaction was measured in the active dissolution potential regime. The exchange current densities were independent of the composition of the ionic liquid, and the anodic transfer coefficients were close to zero and seemed to be independent of the Al grain size.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society


aluminum, ionic liquids, chloroaluminate, dissolution


Wang, C. , Creuziger, A. , Stafford, G. and Hussey, C. (2016), Anodic Dissolution of Aluminum in the Aluminum Chloride-1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Chloride Ionic Liquid, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, [online], (Accessed June 22, 2024)


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Created November 6, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021