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An Analysis of Combined CFD and Multizone IAQ Model Assembly Issues

Published

Author(s)

Amy Musser

Abstract

This study considers the situation of two isothermal rooms linked to one another via an opening of varying size. Air and a neutrally buoyant contaminant are transferred through the opening in an essentially one way flow situation, driven by forced convection. The two rooms are represented by computational models that make use of computational fluid dynamics and a multizone network airflow model. The four possible combinations are compared: both rooms in CFD, both rooms in the multizone model, and two combined models with one room in CFD and the other in the multizone model. The results of this study illustrate several concepts relevant to selecting a computational representation for room airflows. For the one way flow situation modeled, the opening betwen the rooms is well represented by a passive outlet when only the first room is represented using CFD. When the second room is modeled using CFD, a unidirectional top hat velocity profile best represents smaller openings. However, the perfectly mixed average contaminant concentration predicted in the first room by the multizone model most closely resembles the condition of air transferred through the larger openings. Contaminant concentrations predicted by the multizone model were generally within about 10% of those recorded by the CFD model at various points throughout the system. Greater differences were noted in poorly mixed locations and rooms. For the casesmodeled in this study, contaminant concentrations predicted by the combined models in which only one room was modeled using CFD did not always resemble the all-CFD model more closely than the all-multizone model. However, better agreement was obtained with the combined model when CFD was used to represent a poorly mixed room. These results emphasize the need for care in combined models to ensure that the desired level of output detail is actually being achieved, since these models provide more accurate solutions in some, but not all, circumstances.
Proceedings Title
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Annual Meeting | | | ASHRAE
Volume
107
Issue
Pt. 1
Conference Dates
January 1, 2001
Conference Title
ASHRAE Transactions

Keywords

airflow modeling, computation fluid dynamics, computer simulation, indoor air quality, ventilation

Citation

Musser, A. (2001), An Analysis of Combined CFD and Multizone IAQ Model Assembly Issues, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Annual Meeting | | | ASHRAE (Accessed July 14, 2024)

Issues

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Created January 1, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017