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AM Bench 2022 Macroscale Tensile Challenge at Different Orientations (CHAL-AMB2022-04-MaTTO) and Summary of Predictions



Newell Moser, Jake Benzing, Orion Kafka, Jordan Weaver, Nicholas Derimow, Ross Rentz, Nik Hrabe


The additive manufacturing benchmarking challenge described in this work was aimed at the prediction of average stress–strain properties for tensile specimens that were excised from blocks of non-heat-treated IN625 manufactured by laser powder bed fusion. Two different laser scan strategies were considered: an X-only raster and an XY raster, which involved a 90◦ rotation in the scan direction between subsequent layers. To measure anisotropy, multiple tensile orientations with respect to the build direction were investigated (e.g., parallel, perpendicular, and intervals in between). Benchmark participants were provided grain structure information via electron backscatter diffraction measurements, as well as the stress–strain response for tensile specimens manufactured parallel to the build direction and produced by the XY scan strategy. Then, participants were asked to predict tensile properties, like the ultimate tensile strength, for the remaining specimens and orientations. Interestingly, the measured mechanical properties did not vary linearly as a function of tensile orientation. Moreover, specimens manufactured with the XY scan strategy exhibited greater yield strength than those corresponding to the X-only scan strategy, regardless of orientation. The benchmark data have been made publicly available for anyone that is interested [1]. For the modeling aspect of the challenge, five teams participated in this benchmark. While most of the models incorporated a crystal plasticity framework, one team chose to use a more semiempirical approach and to great success. However, no team excelled at all the predictions, and all teams were seemingly challenged with the predictions associated with the X-only scan strategy.
Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation


Additive Manufacturing, Benchmarking Challenge, Mechanical Properties, Tensile Testing, Anisotropy


Moser, N. , Benzing, J. , Kafka, O. , Weaver, J. , Derimow, N. , Rentz, R. and Hrabe, N. (2024), AM Bench 2022 Macroscale Tensile Challenge at Different Orientations (CHAL-AMB2022-04-MaTTO) and Summary of Predictions, Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation, [online],, (Accessed July 19, 2024)


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Created January 16, 2024