Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Alternative Variables for Computing Sideband Pulling in Atomic Frequency Standards

Published

Author(s)

Jon H. Shirley

Abstract

Sideband pulling has long been considered a possible source of frequency bias in atomic frequency standards. We treat a two-level system excited by coherent radiation with amplitude and phase modulation. We create alternative variables to facilitate the second-order solution of the associated time-dependent Schrödinger nist-equation. We extend earlier work to include time-dependent excitation and initial phase dependence.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 2011 Joint IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and European Frequency and Time Forum
Conference Dates
May 1-5, 2011
Conference Location
San Francisco, CA

Keywords

Atomic frequency standards, Frequency bias, Modulation, Sideband pulling
Created July 31, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017