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Alternative Variables for Computing Sideband Pulling in Atomic Frequency Standards



Jon H. Shirley


Sideband pulling has long been considered a possible source of frequency bias in atomic frequency standards. We treat a two-level system excited by coherent radiation with amplitude and phase modulation. We create alternative variables to facilitate the second-order solution of the associated time-dependent Schrödinger nist-equation. We extend earlier work to include time-dependent excitation and initial phase dependence.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 2011 Joint IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and European Frequency and Time Forum
Conference Dates
May 1-5, 2011
Conference Location
San Francisco, CA


Atomic frequency standards, Frequency bias, Modulation, Sideband pulling
Created July 31, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017