Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Adapting Modern Product Design to the Circular Economy

Published

Author(s)

Vincenzo Ferrero, Buddhika Hapuwatte, KC Morris

Abstract

The Circular Economy (CE) is an economic system that maximizes the time resources remain within the economy through re-circulation of materials. Transition to the CE, from a linear economy, is closely tied to information transfer between life cycle areas. Progress towards a circular economy will best be initiated at the product design stage where the decisions taken will have impact throughout the life cycle. Product design, which is often manual, subjective, and speculative, can benefit from data from other stages of product, manufacturing, material, and supply chain life cycles. Specifically, the CE system can benefit from design systems that are real-time, designer-in-the-loop, and dynamic with respect to life cycle information streams. Five identified challenges toward adapting product design to the CE are 1. Consolidation and identification of \textitDfx} areas critical to CE 2. Realization of a digital thread to the design activities 3. Incorporation of designer-in-the-loop and AI design agents 4. Introduction of CE data-driven design methods 5. Development of CE design standards A review of the literature in each challenge area identifies future research areas that can address the challenges. Finally, a preliminary circular product design convergence model is introduced to illustrate a CE modern product design system that addresses the challenges and research opportunities. The work contributes a framework within which product design can be improved to aid in the realization of Design-for-the-CE. The circular product design convergence model can be a framework for exploring standards-driven and validated solutions to these challenges.
Proceedings Title
The ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
Conference Dates
August 14-17, 2022
Conference Location
St. Louis, MO, US

Keywords

Circular Economy, Product Design, Design-for-X

Citation

Ferrero, V. , Hapuwatte, B. and Morris, K. (2022), Adapting Modern Product Design to the Circular Economy, The ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, St. Louis, MO, US, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=934318 (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created November 11, 2022, Updated April 1, 2024