Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Accuracy of AlGaAs Growth Rates and Composition Determination Using RHEED Oscillations



Todd E. Harvey, Kristine A. Bertness, Robert K. Hickernell, C. M. Wang, Jolene Splett


We investigate the sources of uncertainty in the measurement of the reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) intensity oscillations during growth of AlAs, GaAs, and AlGaAs on GaAs substrates, and the resulting effects on predicted growth rates and composition. Sources of error examined include beam positioning, flux transients, substrate size, 'beat' phenomena in the RHEED oscillations, substrate temperature, and incident beam direction. We find that flux transients and flux nonuniformity are the dominant systematic errors in predicting growth rates and composition with RHEED. From flux uniformity measurements,we estimate the beam positioning error for our growth system to be 0.2-0.6%/mm, and substrate size to impact the uncertainty by as much as several percent. In addition to these errors, flux transients can cause an uncertanty of up to 1%. We also present a procedure that uses the measured variance in the growth rates to calculate the composition with the smallest mean square error.
Journal of Crystal Growth


molecular beam epitaxy, reflection high energy electron diffraction, semiconducting III-V materials


Harvey, T. , Bertness, K. , Hickernell, R. , Wang, C. and Splett, J. (2003), Accuracy of AlGaAs Growth Rates and Composition Determination Using RHEED Oscillations, Journal of Crystal Growth (Accessed June 18, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 31, 2002, Updated October 12, 2021