Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Basic Metrology: Recent Primary SRM Standardizations

Summary

Following is a tabulation of the primary standardizations of Radioactivity SRMs performed over the past decade.

Description

SRM No.

Radionuclide

Reference Date

Method Used

Relative expanded uncertainty (k = 2)

References

4239a

Strontium-90

25 December 2019

The certified massic activity for 90Sr in radioactive equilibrium with 90Y was obtained by 4πß liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry with two commercial LS counters.

0.30 %

 

4338b

Plutonium-240

27 August 2019

The certified massic activity for 240Pu was obtained by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) counting using three different LS measurement systems

1.1 %

 

4329a

Curium-243

15 May 2019

The certified massic activity for 243Cm was obtained by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) counting using three different LS measurement systems Confirmatory measurement was performed by gamma-ray spectrometry

0.56 %

 

4322d

Americium-241

1 March 2019

The certified massic activity for 241Am was determined by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) counting using two different LS measurement systems.

0.32 %

 

4251d

Barium-133

13 July 2018

The certified massic activity for 133Ba was obtained by 4π (e, X) - γ(NaI) live-timed anti-coincidence (LTAC) counting. Confirmatory measurements: (i) 4παβ liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry; (ii) LS-based 4παβ triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) method; (iii) 4πγ ionization chamber measurements using NIST chamber “A”; and (iv) HPGe γ-ray spectrometry

1.2 %

 

4334j

Plutonium-242

9 August 2017

The certified massic activity for 242Pu was obtained by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry with two commercial LS counters.

0.51 %

 

4321d

Natural Uranium

15 March 2017

Quantitative dissolution of a uranium (normal) metal assay and isotopic standard (CRM 112-A) with conversion to massic activity values using assumed half-lifes of 234U, 235U and 238U. The uranium assay for CRM 112-A was determined by coulometry. The certified isotopic atom fractions were determined by mass spectrometry. Solution homogeneity measurements were made with a NaI(Tl) well counter. Confirmatory measurements for total massic activity and 234U and 238U isotopic massic activity were performed by 4παβ liquid scintillation counting and by isotope dilution alpha spectrometry, respectively.

238U: 0.25 % 235U: 0.31 % 234U: 0.52 %

Natural Uranium Radioactivity Solution Standard: SRM 4321d R. Collé, L. Laureano-Perez, S. Nour, J.J. La Rosa, B.E. Zimmerman, L. Pibida, D.E. Bergeron. J Res Natl Inst Stan (2017) 122:44.

4323c

Plutonium-238

11 October 2016

The certified massic activity was determined by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry with two LS commercial counters

0.50 %

 

4927g

Hydrogen-3

1 May 2015

The certified massic activity was determined by relative liquid scintillation (LS) counting with two LS commercial Confirmatory measurements of both SRM 4927F and SRM 4927g were performed by triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) measurements.

0.96 %

Comparison of tritiated-water standards by liquid scintillation for calibration of a new Standard Reference Materials R. Collé, L. Laureano-Perez, D.E. Bergeron Applied Radiation and Isotopes 112 (2016) 38–49

4222d

Carbon-14-n-hexadecane

10 September 2014

The certified value was based on Triple-to-Double Coincidence Ratio (TDCR) measurements with the beta spectrum calculated using the shape factor limit given by Alimonti et al., 1998]. The liquid scintillation (LS) detection efficiency was calculated using the MICELLE2 code. Confirmatory measurements were done by 4παβ LS spectrometry with two commercial LS counters. The LS detection efficiency was also calculated using the MICELLE2 code for CIEMAT/NIST efficiency tracing,

0.96 %

Comparison of C-14 liquid scintillation counting at NIST and NRC Canada, Bergeron, D., Galea, R., Laureano-Perez, L., and Zimmerman, B. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, Volume 109, March 2016, Pages 30-35.

4949d

Iodine-129

01 January 2014

The 129I massic activity was measured by live-timed 4παβ(LS) - γ(NaI) anticoincidence counting (LTAC) with a single-PMT liquid scintillation (LS) detector for the beta channel and a NaI(Tl) well detector for the gamma channel. Confirmatory measurements were done by triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) and gamma-ray spectrometry.

1.08 %

 

4326a

Polonium-209

01 December 2013

The certified massic alpha-particle emission rate for 209Po was obtained by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry in two commercial LS counters with corrections for detection of the low-energy conversion electrons from the 2-keV isomeric transition in 205Pb and for radiations accompanying the small 0.45 % electron-capture branch to 209Bi

0.46 %

Development of an Ultra-Pure, Carrier-Free 209 Po Solution Standard Collé R, Fitzgerald R and Laureano-Perez L 2015, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 120, 138-163 (2015).

A new determination of the 209Po half-life, R Collé, R. Fitzgerald and L. Laureano-Pérez, 2014 J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 41 105103

4341a

Neptunium-237

01 September 2012

The certified massic activity for 237Np was obtained by 4παβ liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry with three commercial LS counters. The LS detection efficiency was calculated using the CN2003 code for the CIEMAT/NIST method. Confirmatory measurements were performed by high-resolution HPGe gamma-ray spectrometry, and by 4παβ(LS) - γ(NaI) anticoincidence counting.

0.94 %

Standardization of 237Np, L. Laureano-Pérez, R. Collé, R. Fitzgerald, Appl. Radiat. Isot. Volume 87, May 2014, Pages 269-273 (2014)

4320b

Curium-244

01 September 2011

The certified massic activity for 244Cm was obtained by 4πα liquid scintillation (LS) spectrometry with three commercial LS counters. Confirmatory measurements were performed by high-resolution HPGe gamma-ray spectrometry.

1.4 %

 

Created February 26, 2021