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William D. Phillips (Fed)

Research Projects

Laser Cooling and Trapping of Neutral Atoms

Atomic-Gas Bose-Einstein Condensates

Quantum Information with Single-Atom Qubits


Awards and Honors

2006 Service to America Award - Career Achievement

2005 Presidential Rank Award

2004 Appointed an Academician of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences

2002 NIST Condon Award

2000 Richtmeyer Award of the Am. Assoc. of Physics Teachers

1998 Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science

1997 Nobel Prize in Physics "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" shared with Steven Chu and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji


Advanced Laser Cooling for the Atomic Space Clock

V Boyer, L Lising, S L. Rolston, William D. Phillips
An atomic clock works by comparing the frequency of a local oscillator (a micrwave generator) with the hyperfine transition of the cesium atom at 9.2 GHz. In
Created October 9, 2019, Updated December 8, 2022