Published: November 2022
Author: OSAC Speaker Recognition Subcommittee
In Forensic Automatic Speaker Recognition (FASR), forensic examiners typically compare audio recordings of a speaker whose identity is in question with recordings of known speakers to assist investigators and triers of fact in a legal proceeding. The performance of automated speaker recognition (SR) systems used for this purpose depends largely on the characteristics of the speech samples being compared. Examiners must understand the requirements of specific systems in use as well as the audio characteristics that impact system performance. Mismatch conditions between the known and questioned data samples are of particular importance, but the need for, and impact of, audio pre-processing must also be understood. The data selected for use in a relevant population can also be critical to the performance of the system. This document describes issues that arise in the processing of case data and in the selections of a relevant population for purposes of conducting an examination using a human supervised automatic speaker recognition approach in a forensic context. The document is intended to comply with the Organization of Scientific Area Committees (OSAC) for Forensic Science Technical Guidance Document.