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Footwear & Tire Subcommittee

OSAC Footwear & Tire SC icon

The Footwear & Tire Subcommittee focuses on standards and guidelines related to the detection, documentation, recovery, examination and comparison of footwear and tire evidence.

Forensic footwear and/or tire examiners undertake the following tasks: documenting, collecting and preserving footwear and tire evidence, and comparing and analyzing footwear or tire impressions.  Examiners provide expert opinions regarding source conclusions, determine the manufacturer, make, or model of the source of a questioned impression, compare questioned impressions, make, or model of an item of footwear or tire from an image or video, and write reports and provide testimony.

Officers | Members | StandardsDiscipline-Specific Baseline Documents | Research & Development Needs | Presentations


David Kanaris, Subcommittee Chair, Alaska Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory

Rodney Schenck, Subcommittee Vice Chair, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Christopher Hamburg, Subcommittee Executive Secretary, ANSI National Accreditation Board (Quality Representative)


Clay Allred, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Kacey Amorello, Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory

Sarah Bohne, Colorado Springs Police Department

John Grassel, Rhode Island State Police

Martin Herman, Ph.D., National Institute of Standards and Technology

Brian Juengst, Maine State Police 

 Anthony Koertner, Defense Forensic Science Center

Mathew Marvin, Ron Smith and Associates, Inc.

Troy Mohror, Johnson County Sheriff's Office Criminalistics Laboratory

Heidi Prough, Michigan State Police

Lisa Ragaza, State of Connecticut

Matt Redle, Sheridan County Prosecuting Attorney's Office (Legal Representative)

Nicole Richetelli, Noblis

David Spadoni, Florida Department of Law Enforcement

Aimee Stevens, Illinois State Police Division of Forensic Services

Natasha Wheatley, ADA County Sheriff's Office

Alicia Wilcox, Ph.D., Thomas College (Human Factors Representative)

Affiliates and Task Group Participants


Tier 1: On the OSAC Registry

  • None currently.

Tier 2: Published by a Standards Developing Organization (SDO)

Tier 3: Sent to an SDO

  • Best Practice Recommendation for Photographic Documentation of Footwear and Tire Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for the Detection of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Standard for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.

Tier 4: Under Development

  • Best Practice Recommendation for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for the Chemical Processing of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for Articulation, Interpretation, and Conclusions in Footwear and Tire Report Writing and Testimony.

Discipline-Specific Baseline Documents

The Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) has provided the opportunity for OSAC subcommittees to identify baseline documents and reference materials that best reflect the current state of the practice within their respective disciplines. 

These documents contain practical information regarding these disciplines that can help forensic scientists, judges, lawyers, researchers, other interested parties and the general public, to better understand the nature, scope, and foundations of the individual disciplines as they are currently practiced.

It is important to note that the identification of these documents in this venue does not represent an endorsement by OSAC or NIST. Only documents that are posted on the OSAC Registry constitute OSAC endorsement. All copyrights for these documents are reserved by their owners. Subcommittee position statements or responses to data collections by the subcommittee represent the consensus opinion of the subcommittee, not necessarily the position of the entire OSAC organization or NIST.

Reference Books:

  • Abbott, John, “Footwear Evidence”, Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1964.
  • Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (1st Edition), Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1990.
  • Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (2nd edition) CRC Press, 2000.
  • Bodziak, William, “Tire Impression and Tire Track Evidence: Recovery and Examination”, CRC Press, February 2008.
  • Bodziak, William, “Forensic Footwear Evidence”  CRC Press, 2017
  • Cassidy, Michael, “Footwear Identification”, Canadian Government Publishing, 1980.
  • Deforest, Peter; Gaensslen, Robert; Lee, Henry, “Forensic Science - An Introduction to Criminalistics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
  • Fisher, Barry, “Techniques in Crime Scene Investigation” (6th edition), CRC Press, 2002.
  • Given, Bruce W; Nehrich; Richard B. and Shields, James C., “Tire Tracks and Tread Marks”, Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division, Houston, Texas, 1977.
  • Hilderbrand, Dwane, “Footwear, The Missed Evidence”, Staggs Publishing Co., 1999.
  • Kiely, Terrence, “Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law”, CRC Press, 2001.
  • McDonald, Peter, “Tire Imprint Evidence”, CRC Press, Raton, Florida, 1989.
  • Nause, Lawren, “Forensic Tire Impression Identification”, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

Research & Development Needs


Created July 9, 2014, Updated December 7, 2020