A new measurement science research and development (R&D) roadmap,* prepared for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) over the past two years by a private-sector group of hazard mitigation experts, provides a broad strategic approach and R&D objectives to reduce impacts from windstorms and coastal inundations (including storm surge during hurricanes and tsunamis).
The impetus for the project was the extensive property losses and casualties that have occurred during the last several decades as a result of powerful hurricanes such as Katrina in August 2005,** and severe tornadoes such as the massive storm that struck Joplin, Mo., in May 2011.*** Windstorms, storm surges and other coastal inundation events were responsible for approximately $250 billion in property losses and more than 4,000 fatalities during the period 1996-2012.
Recognizing that losses from these hazards have been dramatically increasing over time, NIST requested that the Applied Technology Council, an organization devoted to advancing engineering applications for hazard mitigation, develop a roadmap to identify high-priority national needs for improved standards, codes and practices. Input for the roadmap was obtained from two NIST workshops
The roadmap includes:
The development of the roadmap was supported by NIST and the National Science Foundation.
*NEHRP Consultants Joint Venture Measurement Science R&D Roadmap for Windstorm and Coastal Inundation Impact Reduction (NIST Grant Contractor Report 14-973-13), 2014. Available online at www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915541.