The forensic science discipline of handwriting examination and analysis initially surfaced as evidence in courts around 1868, when a forged will was exposed in the case of Robinson v. Mandell. Over at least the last 150 years, many published scientific studies focused on the individuality and reproducibility of handwriting for use in a forensic setting. The discipline primarily relies upon a trained handwriting examiner assessing the similarities of known and unknown samples in order to generate a conclusion. After completing their examination, handwriting examiners typically draw one of nine possible conclusions regarding authorship or source: identification, strong probability, probable, indications, no conclusion, indications did not, probably did not, strong probability did not, or elimination.
Handwriting examination is a sub-set of the forensic science discipline of questioned documents. The Scientific Working Group for Forensic Document Examination (SWGDOC) notes on its website that "the forensic document examiner conducts scientific examinations, comparisons, and analyses of documents in order to: (1) establish genuineness or non-genuineness, or to reveal alterations, additions, or deletions, (2) identify or eliminate persons as the source of handwriting, (3) identify or eliminate the source of machine produced documents, typewriting, or other impression marks, or relative evidence, and (4) preserve and/or restore legibility." According to the American Board of Forensic Document Examiners' (ABFDE's) website, "Forensic document examiners (FDEs) help lawyers by examining and offering written opinions on a variety of disputed document problems including: wills, deeds, medical records, income tax records, time sheets, contracts, loan agreements, election petitions, checks, and anonymous letters."
Research into developing useful quantitative measurement-based techniques that can be applied to handwriting analysis is ongoing. The goal is to apply such techniques to the routine analysis of handwriting by examiners.
Conference presenters and attendees included forensic document examiners, researchers, measurement science experts, statisticians, and industry representatives. This conference was open and free to attend for all interested stakeholders; however, access to the NIST campus was restricted to registered attendees. The conference was webcast live, for free, to ensure maximum participation for interested stakeholders. Interested individuals were encouraged to attend the conference in order to interact with the presenters and contribute to the conference dialogue and roadmap discussion.
Live Webcast Minimum Technical Requirements
The Webcast was streamed in medium bandwidth (350kbs), so viewers needed to have a constant connection during the webcast.
Hardware and operating system configurations
In order to access the event, you must have, at a miniumum, Flash Player 10.x installed on your computer.
Please visit: http://get2.adobe.com/flashplayer/ to download the Flash Player.
In order to access the event, you must have either Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0+ or Mozilla Firefox 3+ browser for Windows operating systems. For accessing events via Mac operating systems you must have Mozilla Firefox 3+ or Safari 4.x.Planning Team
This conference was designed by a small planning team consisting of representatives from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -Questioned Document Section, American Board of Forensic Document Examiners (ABFDE), American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (ASQDE), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Laboratory, National Institute of Justice (NIJ), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the Scientific Working Group for Forensic Document Examination (SWGDOC).
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Law Enforcement Standards Office
American Academy of Forensic Sciences - Questioned Document Section
American Board of Forensic Document Examiners (ABFDE)
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (ASQDE)
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Laboratory
Holiday Inn Gaithersburg
Two Montgomery Village Avenue
Room Block: Forensics-Handwriting; $125/night
If you are not registered, you will not be allowed on site.
Registered attendees will receive security and campus instructions prior to the workshop.
NON U.S. CITIZENS PLEASE NOTE:
All foreign national visitors who do not have permanent resident status and who wish to register for the above meeting must supply additional information. Failure to provide this information prior to arrival will result, at a minimum, in significant delays (up to 24 hours) in entering the facility. Authority to gather this information is derived from United States Department of Commerce Department Administrative Order (DAO) number 207-12. When registration is open, the required NIST-1260 form will be available as well.