The Filter Analyzer Neutron Spectrometer is the instrument used for neutron vibrational spectroscopy installed at the NCNR. It is design to reveal fine details of the vibrational motion of molecules acting as 'fingerprints' of their surroundings in materials. This instrument offers a choice for monochromators, a combination of polycrystalline Be followed by a block of polycrystalline graphite analyzer cooled to 77 K, and a Bi filter that makes it the most versatile of the thermal-neutron scattering instruments at NIST.
The operation of FANS is simple: Monochromatic neutrons of variable energy are inelastically scattered from the sample and detected at a fixed final energy Ef after they pass through a low-pass Bragg cutoff filter (polycrystalline beryllium and graphite, giving a cutoff of ~1.8 meV). Inelastic spectra are recorded by scanning the incident energy and detecting all scattered neutrons with energy Ef < Ecutoff. The filter-detector assembly of FANS consists of a single wedge spanning 110 degrees. Monochromator choices are (i) Cu (220) for higher resolution studies, or for measurements with higher incident neutron energies, and (ii) pyrolytic graphite (002) for lower incident energies, with moderate resolution and higher beam intensities. Monochromator changes can be made within a few minutes. Details here.