Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Gravimetric Standard for Liquid Micro-Flow

Gravimetric Micro-flow Standard
Gravimetric Micro-flow Standard

The dynamic gravimetric standard is used to calibrate micro-flow meters and to conduct research on new flow sensors.  This micro-flow standard measures mass flows dm/dt of water from 0.16 µg/s to 16 mg/s with uncertainty of 0.1 µg/s +0.002×dm/dt [µg/s], at a 95 % confidence level. The standard has been validated by informal comparisons with the national metrology institutes of Switzerland and Denmark.  NIST’s micro-flow standard uses either an elevated reservoir or a syringe pump to generate the flow that passes through a meter under test and it is then collected in beaker resting on a (6 g full scale) micro-balance that weighs the beaker every 0.4 s.  The time-rate-of-change of the buoyancy-corrected weight gives the mass flow.  The water flows from the meter under test into a glass pipette that passes through the free surface of the collected water.  Evaporation of water from the collection beaker is retarded by covering the free surface with a low-vapor-pressure oil layer.

Created May 10, 2016, Updated August 24, 2016