Due to a lapse in government funding, the majority of this website is not being updated until further notice. Learn more
NIST websites for programs using non-appropriated funds (NVLAP and PSCR) or those that are excepted from the shutdown (such as NVD) will continue to be available and updated.
Artist’s view of a model lithium solid-state battery shows lithium nanowires (yellow) protruding from carbon pads (gray) that act as electrodes. The presence of molecular oxygen (green) forms a lithium-oxide shell that encapsulates the lithium and restricts its uniform, three-dimensional growth. The fine balance between the battery charging rate and the concentration of molecular oxygen and other oxidizing species determines the ultimate shape of the lithium deposits, which is critical to the optimal operation of a lithium solid-state battery.