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Benefits and Use Cases

Benefits and Use Cases for the ASTM Sustainable Manufacturing Standards

The E3012-16 standard was designed to be applicable across industries and manufacturing processes.  The evolving standard was applied in a number of different industrial settings including pulp and paper [1], stone product [2], injection modeling [3,6], alloy surface inspection [4], additive manufacturing [5], and die casting [7].  The research highlighted the following objectives of the standard:

  • facilitate communication between different stakeholders by providing a uniform and consistent documentation format,
  • link a number of unit manufacturing processes together to develop system models that characterize specific production plans for discrete, batch, or continuous production, and
  • generate data sets to represent environmental impacts of the processes, comparable to LCI data sets.

The standard may be of particular interest to the software providers from manufacturing industries that provide analysis and modeling and/or simulation solutions to manufacturers. The standard format promotes information exchange and communication for decision making purposes. 

The standard will show even more benefit over time as UMP models are collected. We envision different organizations building up their own repositories of UMP models unique to their systems.  Such a repository would potentially reduce modeling time and improve model verification and validation activities.  Industries may also come up with a set of standard models of common processes.  Text books that are available today describe different types of processes.  With the standard the information found in text books could be represented more formally as UMP models. 

Application of the standard may result in reduced operational costs, improved prediction of product costs, improved scheduling maximizing manufacturing resources, improved control of product quality, and better transfer of best practices. Examples showing these benefits were recently documented [1].  These benefits have been seen in other work on modeling manufacturing processes [8].  The standard provides a uniform and repeatable way for more practitioners to reap these benefits.

We are seeking partners interested in collaborating in developing more case studies based specifically on the E3012-16 standard.

  1. Mani, M., Larborn, J., Johannson, B., Lyons, K., & Morris, KC. (2016). Standard representations for sustainability characterization of industrial processes. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering.
  2. L. Rebouillata, I. Barlettaa, M.Mani, B. Johansson, ‘Understanding sustainability data through unit manufacturing process representations: a case study on stone production,’ Accepted 49th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 2016.
  3. Madan, Jatinder, Mahesh Mani, Jae Hyun Lee, and Kevin W. Lyons. "Energy performance evaluation and improvement of unit-manufacturing processes: injection molding case study." Journal of Cleaner Production 105 (2015): 157-170.
  4. Garretson, Ian C., Kevin W. Lyons, Mahesh Mani, Swee Leong, Matthew D. Carter, Ann E. Simmons, and Karl R. Haapala. "Unit Manufacturing Process Models for Ferromagnetic and Non-Ferromagnetic Alloy Surface Inspection Methods." In ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pp. V004T05A044-V004T05A044. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.
  5. M. Mani, Lyons, K. W., & Gupta, S. K. (2014). Sustainability Characterization for Additive Manufacturing. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Volume 119 (2014).
  6. Madan, Jatinder, Mahesh Mani, and Kevin W. Lyons. "Characterizing energy consumption of the injection molding process." In Proceedings of the ASME 2013 international manufacturing science and engineering conference. 2013.
  7.  Watkins, Megan F., Mahesh Mani, Kevin W. Lyons, and S. K. Gupta. "Sustainability characterization for die casting process." In ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Paper No. DETC2013-12634. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013.
  8. Valivullah, Lina, Mahesh Mani, Kevin W. Lyons, and S. K. Gupta. "Manufacturing Process Information Models for Sustainable Manufacturing." In ASME 2014 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the JSME 2014 International Conference on Materials and Processing and the 42nd North American Manufacturing Research Conference, Paper No: MSEC2014-4105. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014.
Created August 25, 2016, Updated January 29, 2021