This chapter describes modelling and experiments on the rheology of cement- based materials. The rheology of concrete is a difficult problem, as fluid cement paste is non-Newtonian by itself, and concrete has the added complication of many sand and rock inclusions. However, the processing of concrete is controlled by its rheological properties, which must be evaluated scientifically in order for real predictability to be achieved.
This section is a review of measurement methods and nomenclature. It includes state of the art reports on rheological measurements on cementitious materials (concrete, mortar and cement paste). It also give definition that relate to concrete rheology.
(1e) Caractérisation de la prise des matériaux cimentaires (PDF document)
SCC: This section gives all report on measurements done using SCC.
Cement paste and mortar measurements: this section describes work done to measure the cement paste and mortar using a rheometer.
Concrete measurements: This section includes the comparison of concrete rheometers, measurements done using concrete rheometers.
(4b) Processing of HPC - C.F. Ferraris and C.J. Lobo, Processing of HPC, Concrete International 20, 61-64 (1998)
Modeling: This section includes all papers related to modeling the flow of concrete and how to relate the measurements on mortar or cement paste to prediction of concrete flow.
A parallel quaternion-based dissipative particle dynamics (QDPD) program has been developed in Fortran to study the flow properties of complex fluids subject to shear.
Interaction of Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) and/or chemical admixtures: this section is related to the influence of the SCM and chemical admixtures on the flow properties of cement paste or mortar. Potentially leading to prediction of their influence on concrete.
(1a) V.A. Hackley, C.F. Ferraris, NIST Special Publication 946, U.S. Department of Commerce, (January 2001).
(1b) C.F. Ferraris, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 104, 461-478 (1999).
(1c) C.F. Ferraris, F. de Larrard and N. Martys, Materials Science of Concrete, Vol. VI, American Ceramic Society, Westerville, Ohio, (2001).
(1d) Robert J. Flatt, Nicos Martys, and Lennart Bergstrom, MRS Bulletin, Materials Research Society, 29 (5), pp. 314-318, (2004).
(1e) S. Amziane and C.F. Ferraris, Proceedings of the National Congress of the French Group of Rheology, Mulhouse, France, October 14-15 (2004).
(2) C.F. Ferraris, L. Brower, C. Ozyildirim, J. Daczko, PCI/FHWA/FIB International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, September 25-27, 398-409, Ed., L.S. (Paul) Johal (2000).
(3) C.F. Ferraris, The Role of Admixtures in High Performance Concrete, edited by J.G. Cabrera and R. Rivera-Villarreal (RILEM, France, 2000).
(4a) F. de Larrard, C.F. Ferraris, and T. Sedran, Materials and Structures 31, (211), 494-498 (1998).
(4b) C.F. Ferraris and C.J. Lobo, Concrete International 20 (4), 61-64 (1998).
(4c) C.F. Ferraris, F. de Larrard, National Institute of Standards and Technology Internal Report, NISTIR 6094, U.S. Department of Commerce, (February 1998).
(4d) C.F. Ferraris and F. de Larrard, Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates 20, 241-247 (1998).
(4e) C.F. Ferraris and Lynn E. Brower, Editors, National Institute of Standards and Technology Internal Report 6819, U.S. Department of Commerce (September 2001).
(4f) C.F. Ferraris and N. Martys, Proc. Rhéologie Génie Civil et Environment, 36 ème Colloque du Groupe Français de Rhéologie, Marne-la-Vallée (France), October 10-12, 2001, 226-230 (2001).
(4g) C.F. Ferraris and N.S. Martys, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 108 (3), 229-234 (2003).
(4h) L. Brower and C.F. Ferraris, Concrete International 25 (8), 41-47, (2003).
(4i) C.F. Ferraris and Lynn E. Brower, Editors, National Institute of Standards and Technology Internal Report 7154, U.S. Department of Commerce (September 2004).
(4j) S. Amziane, C.F. Ferraris and E.P. Koehler, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 110 (1), 55-66 (2005).
(5a) N.S. Martys and R.D. Mountain, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3733-3736 (1999).
(5b) N. Martys and C.F. Ferraris, First North American Conference on the Design and use of Self-Consolidating Concrete. Proceedings. Chicago, IL, November 12-13, 2002, pp. 27-30, 2003.
(5c) J.S. Sims and N.S. Martys, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 109 (2), 267-277, (2004).
(5d) N.S. Martys, Journal of Rheology 49 (2), 401-424 (2005).
(6) C.F. Ferraris, K.H. Obla, and R. Hill, Cement and Concrete Research 31, (2), 245-255, (2001).