Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Hollings Marine Laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina, are studying cone snail venom for potential use in medical treatments. The venom is thought to be one of the most powerful toxins produced in nature. To understand how it works, chemists “milk” captive snails and examine the venom’s molecular structure, looking for ways to harness its power in positive ways. Their findings may lead to treatments for a wide variety of ailments, including Alzheimer’s disease and nicotine addiction. Learn more about NIST's cone snail research.