The Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) serves as OSAC's governing board and supports the organization by overseeing operations of all resource committees, scientific area committees and subcommittees; approving standards for listing on the OSAC Registry; and facilitating communication within OSAC and between OSAC and the forensic science community.
Professional Association Representatives
Scientific Area Committee (SAC) Chairs
Resource Committee (RC) Chairs
NIST Ex Officio member
Frederick R. Bieber, Ph.D. serves as a medical geneticist at Brigham and Women's Hospital and as an associate professor of pathology at Harvard Medical School (HMS). He lectures on genetics, pathology, and forensics and is a director in the Center for Advanced Molecular Diagnostics serving patients in the Partners Healthcare System. Dr. Bieber has taught courses continuously at the Harvard Extension School for over three decades and his research focuses on the forensic aspects of DNA-based human identification, leading to service as an expert in state, federal, and military civil and criminal investigations.
As a commissioned officer in the US Army Reserve, he served on active duty at the US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory and the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL). Dr. Bieber served on the World Trade Center Kinship and Data Analysis Panel, working with the New York City Office of the Chief Medical Examiner in the DNA-based identification of victims of the September 11th attack on the World Trade Center twin towers, and as a member of the Hurricane Victim DNA Identification Expert Group, assisting the Louisiana State Police in the identification of victims of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
Dr. Bieber is an appointed member of the National DNA Databank of Canada Advisory Committee, the DNA Subcommittee of the New York State Forensic Commission, and served as a member of numerous state and federal forensic advisory boards, including the FBI DNA Advisory Board, and the Scientific Advisory Board of the Virginia Department of Public Safety. He served as senior advisor in forensic science to the Executive Office of Public Safety in Massachusetts, and to the Commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Services and Public Protection.
In 2014, Dr. Bieber was appointed to the first-ever U.S. National Commission on Forensic Science which makes recommendations for improvements to the use of forensic science in the U.S. justice system.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2018.
JoAnn Buscaglia, Ph.D. is a Research Chemist with the FBI Laboratory in the Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit. JoAnn received her Ph.D. from the City University of New York in 1999, and a B.S. and M.S. in Forensic Science (Criminalistics) from John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prior to joining the FBI Laboratory, JoAnn worked for 10 years in academia and as a consultant for both private and public-sector forensic science, environmental, and industrial hygiene laboratories. JoAnn's research is primarily focused in the areas of microscopy, microanalysis, and elemental analysis of trace materials, impression and pattern evidence, and the interpretation of data in a forensic context. JoAnn has delivered over 100 technical presentations at professional and scientific conferences, and published book chapters and research articles in the peer-reviewed scientific literature.
JoAnn served as the Vice Chair of OSAC's Physics/Pattern Interpretation SAC before becoming a member of the FSSB. She is also a reviewer for journals and grants, and a member of editorial and conference boards, advisory panels and technical working groups, both domestically and internationally. In 2013, JoAnn was honored with both the FBI Director’s Award for Outstanding Scientific Advancement for the “Black Box” latent print examiner research, and the Paul L. Kirk Award, the highest honor given by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Criminalistics Section (of which she is a Fellow).
She was appointed to the FSSB in 2016.
William Guthrie, received his B.A. degree in mathematics from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH in 1987 and an M.S. degree in statistics from The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH in 1990. He joined the Statistical Engineering Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD in 1989 where he works as a Mathematical Statistician.
He has collaborated with NIST scientists and engineers in a wide range of areas, applying statistical methods to solve problems in semiconductor and microelectronic metrology, building materials research, and chemical science. His statistical interests include uncertainty assessment, Bayesian statistics, design of experiments, calibration, modern regression methods, and statistical computation.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2018.
Sarah Kerrigan, Ph.D. is the chair of the Department of Forensic Science at Sam Houston State University. She is a contributing author for numerous forensic science textbooks and has published scientific articles and original research on a wide range of topics. She maintains an active research program in addition to her administrative duties as an academician. She received her initial training in forensic toxicology in 1990 at the Scotland Yard Forensic Laboratory in London, England. Since then she has held a variety of positions in publicly funded crime laboratories, industry and academia.
Her current academic role is complemented by her practitioner experience as a forensic scientist and laboratory director in ASCLD-LAB, ABFT and ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratories in California, New Mexico and Texas. Dr. Kerrigan is a former president of the Society of Forensic Toxicologists and has held a variety of elected positions in regional and national forensic professional organizations. She has a long-standing commitment to the advancement of forensic science in the United States. Prior to the OSAC she served on the Accreditation and Certification Interagency Working Group of the National Science and Technology Council's Subcommittee on Forensic Science and the Scientific Working Group for Forensic Toxicology. Dr. Kerrigan was appointed to the Texas Forensic Science Commission by the Texas Attorney General (2007-2014) and more recently the Governor (2016-present).
She was appointed to the FSSB in 2014 and currently serves as the FSSB Executive Secretary.
Jeff Salyards, Ph.D., MFS, most recently served for five years as the Executive Director of the Defense Forensic Science Center (DFSC) where he led a 350+ person team, with an operating budget over $65M. This Forensic Science Center of Excellence has mission responsibilities that includes submissions from Law Enforcement Agencies, Deployed Laboratories in support of Expeditionary Combatant Commanders, as well as Training, and RDT&E. Prior to this position, he served as the Chief Scientist for the US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory (USACIL). Before coming to USACIL, he was a Principal Analyst with Analytical Services and authored a study about the best methods to train military operators in material collection during the conduct of military operations. A former Director of the Defense Computer Forensic Laboratory (DCFL) and AFOSI Special Agent, he has 30 years of combined experience in scientific leadership, investigations, forensic consulting and teaching. He served as the Deputy for Operations and Assistant Professor at the Air Force Academy Chemistry Department and was honored with the Outstanding Academy Educator Award. He holds a PhD in Chemistry from Montana State University, a Master of Forensic Sciences from The George Washington University, and has completed a Fellowship in Forensic Medicine from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.
Dr. Salyards has served on the following national-level organizations: Board of Directors for the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board, Department of Justice National Steering Committee for Regional Computer Forensic Laboratories, Council of Federal Forensic Laboratory Directors, American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors Board of Directors, and the National Commission on Forensic Science. He currently serves as a Commissioner for the Forensic Education Programs Accreditation Commission, a Senior Advisory Board Member for the Center for Statistics and Applications in Forensic Evidence (CSAFE) at Iowa State University, and as a Member of the Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) for the Office of Scientific Area Committees with NIST.
Dr. Salyards is a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and has an impressive list of publications and presentations. He is also a retired commissioned officer in the United States Air Force. He has been married for 27 years and has three daughters.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2016.
Mr. Johnson has worked numerous forensic/biometric support contracts for the Department of Defense (DoD), assisted with the development/deployment of the first Expeditionary Forensics and DNA laboratories in Iraq During Operation Iraqi Freedom, and was actively involved in the development of DoD forensics and biometric standards.
In addition to his affiliation through the IAI, Mr. Johnson is a Member of International Association of Cranio-Facial Identifiers. He is the past secretary and chair of the IAI Forensic Art Certification Board, past chair of the IAI Science and Practices Committee, past chair of the IAI Biometric Information Services Committee and past chair of the IAI Facial Identification sub-committee. Mr. Johnson received a B.S. degree from the University of Iowa and has over 2000 hours of related forensics training.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2014 and currently serves as the FSSB Chair and the IAI representative.
Andy Smith, is an Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE) certified Firearm and Tool Mark Examiner and Supervisor of the Firearm and Toolmark Unit at the San Francisco Police Department Crime Laboratory. He is also a past President of AFTE, having served from 2018-2019.
Mr. Smith was the Chair of the Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmark Examination (SWGGUN) as it transitioned into the OSAC framework, and after that transition served as the first Chair of the newly formed Firearm and Toolmark Subcommittee under the Physics and Pattern Scientific Area Committee.
Mr. Smith earned his B.A. degree from the University of Southern Mississippi and a M.S. in Forensic Science from the University of New Haven. He began his employment and training in the field of Firearm and Toolmark Examination with the Florida Department of Law Enforcement’s Orlando Regional Crime Lab and in 2004 began his employment with the San Francisco Police Department. Mr. Smith has extensive knowledge and casework experience in firearms examinations, toolmark examination, serial number restorations, fracture / physical fit comparisons and muzzle to garment distance determinations. Mr. Smith has also been trained and performs casework in primer residue testing and examination utilizing scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray analysis.
Mr. Smith is a Technical Assessor for ANAB, serves as a member of the 3D Toolmark Technologies Technical Working Group, and is an instructor for the National Firearms Examiner Academy.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2019 and currently serves as the AFTE representative.Ray Wickenheiser, DPS is currently the Director for the New York State Police Crime Lab System, headquartered in Albany, New York. He is also a member of the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors (ASCLD) Board of Directors and the Past President for 2018-19. Dr. Wickenheiser has over 18 years of experience as a Crime Lab Director and Quality Manager in local and State Crime Laboratories and 35 years in forensic science, including 17 years with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. His areas of expertise include crime lab administration, quality management, forensic DNA, serology, hair and fiber trace evidence, physical matching and comparison, glass fracture analysis, and forensic grain comparison.
In New York, Dr. Wickenheiser is the Co-Chair of the New York Crime Lab Advisory Committee (NYCLAC) and the Chair of the Technical Working Group on Backlog Reduction (TWGBack). He was a member of the Department of Justice: National Institute of Justice Sexual Assault Forensic Evidence Reporting (SAFER) Working Group publishing the “National Best Practices for Sexual Assault Kit: A Multidisciplinary Approach”. Dr. Wickenheiser has served as a peer-reviewer for a number of journals and advisor to several university forensic programs.
Dr. Wickenheiser is a qualified ISO Auditor, conducting audits in 10 states as an auditor and DNA lead auditor. Dr. Wickenheiser is a fellow in the American Academy of Forensic Science (AAFS), and has been an invited guest to the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM) since 2013. He has testified as an expert witness over 90 times, published numerous scientific articles, a book chapter, and is a frequent presenter at workshops and conferences. Dr. Wickenheiser has also served as an adjunct professor, teaching criminalistics at Montgomery College, Maryland. Dr. Wickenheiser holds a Bachelor of Science Honours degree from the University of Regina, Canada, a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Louisiana and a Doctoral degree from the Albany Medical College.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2017 where he serves as the ASCLD representative.
Prof. Almirall is a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), the founding chairman of the Forensic Science Education Programs Accreditation Commission (FEPAC) of the AAFS, past Chair of the FBI-sponsored Scientific Working Group on Materials (SWGMAT) Glass subgroup, Editor-in-Chief of Forensic Chemistry and was appointed to serve on the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Department of Forensic Science Commonwealth of Virginia by two different governors of the State of Virginia. Dr. Almirall has served as a consultant to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on forensic science matters.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2015 and serves as the Chair of the Chemistry/Instrumental Analysis SAC.Melissa Gische, MFS is a latent print examiner at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Laboratory where she examines evidence for latent prints and compares those latent prints with the prints of known individuals. She has been with the FBI since 2000 and has testified as an expert witness in federal and state court. Melissa is also responsible for coordinating the legal issues program within the Latent Print Operations Unit at the FBI Laboratory, where she is responsible for trial and admissibility testimony training. Melissa is a certified latent print examiner through the International Association for Identification and a certified technical assessor in latent prints through the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board. She has a Master of Forensic Sciences degree from The George Washington University and a B.S. in Psychobiology from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Jason Wiersema, Ph.D. is the Director of Forensic Anthropology and Emergency Management at the Harris County Institute of Forensic Sciences (HCIFS) in Houston, Texas. Dr. Wiersema conducts approximately 100 forensic anthropological cases per year in that role. He is also responsible for the emergency management program for the HCIFS which involves the development, maintenance and exercising of emergency management plans, as well as the acquisition of grant funds to support those efforts. He is a founding developer of the Texas Mass Fatality Operations Response Team (TMORT), which is a state wide mass fatality response framework that operates out of the Texas Emergency Medical Task Force (TXEMTF).
Dr. Wiersema is a Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Anthropology and a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS). He has participated in numerous local state and federal policy and planning committees including his roles as past chairs of the Disaster Victim Identification Subcommittee of the OSAC and of the Scientific Working Group on Disaster Victim Identification. Dr. Wiersema’s anthropological research interests focus on skeletal manifestations of child abuse and disaster and mass fatality response policy. He has acquired more than $6 million in disaster preparedness and anthropological research grant funding in support of this research. His experience in mass fatality incident response includes the 2001 World Trade Center attacks, Hurricane Katrina, the 2005 tsunami in Thailand, excavation of mass graves in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and numerous multiple fatality incidents in his role at the HCIFS. Dr. Wiersema has numerous peer reviewed publications in multiple journals as well as book chapters and co-authored books.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2019 and serves as the Chair of the Crime Scene/Death Investigation SAC.
Karin Athanas is a standards and conformity assessment expert with over ten years of experience working with industry and government agencies on issues of conformance, quality, and reliability.
David H. Kaye is Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Pennsylvania State University (School of Law, University Park), and Regents’ Professor Emeritus, Arizona State University (Schools of Law and Life Sciences). He has held teaching or research positions at Cornell University, Duke University, the University of Chicago, the University of Virginia, and universities in England and China. Professor Kaye was an Assistant Watergate Special Prosecutor, an associate in a private law firm, and a law clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He holds degrees in physics (MIT), astronomy (Harvard University), and law (Yale University).
Professor Kaye's research focuses on the law of evidence, criminal procedure, forensic science and statistics, and forensic genetics. His publications include textbooks on scientific evidence and on empirical methods in law; three legal treatises on evidence and scientific evidence; and over 180 articles and letters in journals of law, philosophy, psychology, medicine, genetics, forensic science, and statistics. He is the author or coauthor of The Double Helix and the Law of Evidence (Harvard University Press); of chapters of the National Academy of Sciences' and Federal Judicial Center's Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence (three editions); of a forthcoming Handbook on Forensic Statistics; and of chapters on the interpretation of evidence in two encyclopedias of forensic science.
Professor Kaye was the founding director of the ASU Center for the Study of Law, Science, and Technology, the editor of the ABA publication, Jurimetrics: The Journal of Law, Science, and Technology, and a member of committees of the American Statistical Association, the National Academy of Sciences (including the Committee on Forensic DNA Evidence: An Update), the National Commission on Forensic Science, the National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence, the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the International Conferences on Forensic Inference and Statistics. He is a recipient of the Association of American Law Schools’ John Henry Wigmore Award for Lifetime Achievement for contributions to the law of evidence.
He was appointed to the FSSB in 2019 and serves as the Chair of the Legal Resource Committee (LRC).William C. Thompson, Ph.D. is a professor of Criminology, Law & Society at the University of California, Irvine (UCI). He has joint appointments in Psychology and Social Behavior and in the School of Law at UCI. Recently, he has been a visiting scholar at the University of Lausanne and a Visiting Fellow at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge. He has published extensively on the use and misuse of scientific and statistical evidence in the courtroom and on jurors’ reactions to such evidence. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Justice, and the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) through the Center for Statistics and Applications in Forensic Evidence (CSAFE). Although he is primarily an academic, Dr. Thompson has (as a lawyer) represented parties in both criminal and civil matters involving scientific and statistical evidence. He also serves on the Human Factors Subcommittee of the National Commission on Forensic Science
Karen Reczek is a program manager in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standards Coordination Office.