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Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository (SMIR)

Update - 10/2020:
SMIR is no longer supported. For further information, please see the following publications:

  1. Kibira, D., Brundage, M., Feng, S., and Morris, K., “Procedure for Selecting Key Performance Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing,” Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 140(1), 011005, November 3, 2017, Paper No: MANU-17-1464, doi: 10.1115/1.4037439.
  2. Joung, C., Carrell, J., Sarkara, P., Feng, S. (2012), “Categorization of indicators for sustainable manufacturing,” Ecological Indicators, Vol. 24, pp. 148–157.
  3. Feng, S. and Joung, C. (2011) “A measurement infrastructure for sustainable manufacturing,” International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing, Vol.2, No.2/3, pp. 204 – 221.
  4. ASTM E3096-18, “Standard Guide for Definition, Selection, and Organization of Key Performance Indicators for Environmental Aspects of Manufacturing Processes,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018.
  5. Sarkar, P., Joung, C., Carrell, J., and Feng, S., “Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository,” Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Paper number: DETC2011- 47491, August 29-31, 2011, Washington, DC, USA.
  6. Feng, S. and Joung, C., "Development Overview of Sustainable Manufacturing Metrics," Proceedings of the 17th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Hefei, China, May 19 to 21, 2010, pp. 390 - 395.
  7. Feng, S. and Joung, C., “An Overview of a Proposed Measurement Infrastructure for Sustainable Manufacturing,” Proceedings of the 7th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, December 2009. pp. 355 – 360.

The Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository (SMIR) aims to provide a centralized access to sustainability indicators to help companies measure their sustainability performance. The Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository provides:

  • Analysis of 13 publicly available indicator databases
  • Categorized indicator sets based on similarity and application of indicator
  • Search capability of related indicators (future work)

Design and manufacturing strongly influence a product's life cycle impacts on the environment and the company's sustainability. Sustainable manufacturing is an approach for the creation and distribution (supply chain) of innovative products and services that minimally use natural resources, contain no toxic substances, produce zero waste, create net-zero greenhouse gases across the entire life cycle of products and services, and are socially responsible.

Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for future generations. The term was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." (Source: The World Commission on Environment and Development Report on Our Common Future, published by Oxford University Press in May 1987.)


Created February 17, 2011, Updated June 2, 2021