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Workforce Framework for Cybersecurity (NICE Framework)



Rodney Petersen, Danielle Santos, Karen Wetzel, Matthew Smith, Greg Witte


This publication from the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) describes the Workforce Framework for Cybersecurity (NICE Framework), a fundamental reference for describing and sharing information about cybersecurity work. It expresses that work as Task statements and describes Knowledge and Skill statements that provide a foundation for learners including students, job seekers, and employees. The use of these statements helps students to develop skills, job seekers to demonstrate competencies, and employees to accomplish tasks. As a common, consistent lexicon that categorizes and describes cybersecurity work, the NICE Framework improves communication about how to identify, recruit, develop, and retain cybersecurity talent. The NICE Framework is a reference source from which organizations or sectors can develop additional publications or tools that meet their needs to define or provide guidance on different aspects of cybersecurity education, training, and workforce development.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 800-181 Rev. 1
Report Number
800-181 Rev. 1


competency, cybersecurity, cyberspace, education, knowledge, role, security, skill, task, team, training, workforce, work role.


Petersen, R. , Santos, D. , Wetzel, K. , Smith, M. and Witte, G. (2020), Workforce Framework for Cybersecurity (NICE Framework), Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed May 30, 2024)


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Created November 15, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021